Space Force is inspired by Donald Trump's initiative of the same name and also features Lisa Kudrow in a starring role.
As well as taking the lead on screen, Carell helped to create the series alongside Greg Daniels, who masterminded the hugely popular American remake of The Office.
Ahead of the series launch later this month, here is everything you need to know about the programme...
When is the Space Force release date?
Good news, people: It'll be here in a matter of weeks.
The series launches on Netflix on Friday, May 29.
Carell plays Mark R. Naird, a four-star general who has dreams of running the Air Force but is instead tasking with leading the newly-formed Space Force.
Kudrow will star as his wife Maggie Naird, who is described as "a Washington Air Force wife who has sublimated parts of herself to her husband’s career for two decades."
"But as he takes on his biggest challenge, she is growing in a different direction," Netflix teases.
Hollywood superstar John Malkovich will play Space Force scientist and chief science advisor Dr Adrian Mallory, while Parks and Recreation's Ben Schwartz as media consultant F. Tony Scarapiducci.
The series also stars Fred Willard, Jessica St Clair, Tawny Newsome, Don Lake and Diana Silvers.
What is the plot?
Space Force is inspired by on Trump's newly-established branch of the military, which in real-life is described by the President as "separate but equal" to the Air Force, and is responsible for a range of space-based military capabilities.
Carell's character is a decorated pilot who has always dreamed of running the Air Force but suddenly found himself heading up the new branch of the US Armed Forces.
Netflix explains: "Sceptical but dedicated, Mark uproots his family and moves to a remote base in Colorado where he and a colourful team of scientists and 'Spacemen' are tasked by the White House with getting American boots on the moon (again) in a hurry and achieving total space dominance."
Is there a trailer?
Yes! A clip featuring music from 2001: A Space Odyssey was shared on Twitter in January.
It explains: “On June 18, 2018 the federal government announced the creation of a 6th major division of the United States Armed Forces.
The goal of the new branch is 'to defend satellites from attack' and 'perform other space-related tasks' or something.
"This is the story of the men and women who have to figure it out."
The official trailer for the hotly-anticipated comedy series dropped on Tuesday 19th June.